Here is a selection
of on-line resources to help you on your journey into the Aramaic language.
Please be aware that the websites listed on this page cover the entire
spectrum of religious belief and technical expertise. The inclusion of
a site is based upon my assessment of the technical usefulness of specific
elements within a site, and is not an endorsement of religious belief or
overall technical accuracy.
Aramaic Language Resources Available on the Web:
The Peshitta Aramaic/English Interlinear
New Testament at http://www.peshitta.org/.
This site contains an interlinear Aramaic - English New Testament, an English
- Aramaic Lexicon, a forum, and more!
Beth Morounoye at: http://www.beith-morounoye.org/
is a Maronite Catholic website offering lessons in Syriac - Aramaic, plus
many other facets of Maronite liturgy and culture. Note that this site
requires a Netscape 6.x compatible browser.
The Assyrian Aramaic Language
Web Site at: http://www.assyrianlanguage.com/.
This site plans on offering a complete introduction to the Aramaic language,
including sound files.
Learn Assyrian (Aramaic / Neo-Aramaic)
teaches the Aramaic alphabet, modern Eastern and Estrangela, using modern
Aramaic vocabulary and sound files.
The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon
is a project underway to compile a complete comprehensive multi-dialect
dictionary of the Aramaic language. This site also offers some tagged source
texts. Choose "Search CAL Database" on the main page, then choose "Text
Browse," and finally, select the "Syriac" radio button and submit
The Dolabanis Syriac Web Lexicon
This lexicon can do English to Syriac word searches, and will be useful
to people needing English to Syriac translations.
The Syriac Corner of the
World Online at: http://www.universalist.worldonline.co.uk/syriac/
offers the complete unvowelled text of the Peshitta New Testament in a
variety of different formats, a 19th century English translation of the
Peshito by James Murdock, and several other Syriac - Aramaic items.
Beth Mardutho at:
http://www.BethMardutho.org/ is a site run by Dr. George A. Kiraz,
a leading Syriac - Aramaic scholar, and has many interesting projects underway.
Father Kamil Ishak's Home Page
has many audio files of Syriac Orthodox Liturgical music and Syriac - Aramaic
lessons, including the Karabashee Key, a 50 page introduction
to Syriac for children of all ages
Syriac Resources at: http://www.syriac-resources.com/
has a number of books, computer programs, and audio files for the Syriac-Aramaic
enthusiast. Note that this website does not work properly with older web
The Ascetics' Jive Palace
is a Syriac Orthodox site which has some lessons on the Serto script of
the Syriac-Aramaic alphabet, plus articles on Orthodox theology and practice.
The Syrian Orthodox Website and
News Group, Mailing List, & WebRing at: http://www.flash.net/~malel/
has nine introductory Syriac lessons by Father Joseph Tarzi, along with
many other items related to Syrian Orthodox Christianity and culture.
Syriacmusic.com at: http://www.syriacmusic.com/
is an organization dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the religious
and folk music of the Syriac Orthodox ?Tradition.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
has an excellent introductory overview of the Aramaic language from a contemporary
scholarly perspective. The reviewed version includes some high quality
images of Syriac manuscripts, and sound files.
The AI Foundations Syriac
page at: http://www.aifoundations.org/peshitta/
has the complete text of the Peshitta New Testament in Unicode format,
and links to Syriac-Aramaic dictionaries, grammars, and English New Testament
The P'shitto Autiqa Project
of the Wellsprings of Torah website at: http://www.torahwellsprings.org/Pages/peshitto.htm
is producing a downloadable interlinear version of the Peshito with accompanying
glossary and grammar resources in pdf format.
Peshitta Primacy and Priority:
believe that the Peshitta is the original New Testament. Peshitta Prioritists,
while not going as far, believe that the Peshitta is still closer to the
original New Testament than the received Greek versions. The websites in
this section have as their primary aim the proof of these assertions.
The Aramaic Peshitta Bible Repository
has a free book in pdf format on Peshitta Primacy, a forum, and a growing
repository of Peshitta related reference materials.
Aramaic NT Truth at: http://aramaicnttruth.org/
has selections from the authors printed books on Peshitta Primacy.
Many books relating
to Syriac-Aramaic and Eastern Christianity are available from one or more
of the major on-line book vendors: Amazon.com,
Books, ect. For hard to find books try the following specialty vendors:
carries many books on Syriac-Aramaic and the ancient near east, including
most of the selections listed in the bibliography on my Library
Gorgias Press at: http://www.gorgiaspress.com/Merchant2/merchant.mv
reprints many books on Syriac-Aramaic from the eighteenth and nineteenth
centuries, including some of those listed in the bibliography on my Library
page. It also carries a few new books on this subject.
Light and Life Publishing
carries a huge selection of books on patristics, the early church, and
many books of interest on Christian Orthodoxy and Eastern Rite Catholicism.
Aramaic Books at: http://www.e-web-presence.com/aramaicbooks/
specializes in the East Syrian and Jewish Traditions, and carries many
products of interest.
Some Churches with an Aramaic (Syriac) Connection:
Eparchy of Saint Maron of Brooklyn
is the official homepage of the Maronite Rite Roman Catholic Archdiocese
of the Eastern USA.
Archdiocese of the Syriac Orthodox
Church for the Eastern United State at: http://www.syrianorthodoxchurch.org/
is the official homepage for the Syriac Orthodox Church in the Eastern
The Assyrian Church of the East
is the official website of the American Patriarchate branch of this church.
Chaldean Diocese Homepage
is the official site of the Chaldean Rite Roman Catholic Church in the
Knanaya World at: http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/knanayaworld/index.html
is a gateway into the world of the Knanaya, an ancient Jewish Christian
community which has remained distinct from the other ancient Christian
communities of southern India.
Some On-line Journals:
Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies
is a scholarly online journal for Syriac - Aramaic studies.
Maronite American Research Institute
is an online journal about the Maronite Rite Roman Catholic Church.
Shroro - The Syriac Orthodox Christian Digest at: http://www.socdigest.org/, is a monthly on-line journal of the Syriac Orthodox Church.
Patristics, Theology, and Church History Links:
New Advent at: http://www.newadvent.org/index.html
is a large Roman Catholic site offering a complete 1908 version of the
Encyclopedia, plus writings of the church fathers, and much more.
St. Pachomius Library at:
offers a large alphabetized selection of links to patristic writings.
Christian Classics Ethereal Library
offers many public domain books of Christian literature, including many
Encyclopedia of New Testament
Textual Criticism at: http://www.skypoint.com/~waltzmn/
offers a wealth of information on the theories and viewpoints of modern
mainstream Biblical scholarship.
The Medieval Source Book
offers a large selection of links to primary and secondary source documents
from the medieval period translated into English.
Resource Pages for Biblical Studies
has a large selection of links related to early Christianity.
Links to Calligraphy and Illumination:
While the following
links have nothing directly to do with Syriac-Aramaic, those who have enjoyed
the artistic elements of this website may find them interesting:
The Vellum Gallery at: http://catalog.com/gallery/welcome.html
offers an exhibit of modern calligraphy and illumination, a section demonstrating
techniques, and a list of links.
Armsite at: http://www.armsite.com/
has a nice gallery of Armenian manuscript miniatures.
Another nice gallery of Armenian
miniatures can be found at: http://www.arminco.com/hayknet/cult/miniatur/matenad.html.
The Lindisfarne Gospels.
This is one of the best examples of western medieval manuscript production,
both in terms of calligraphy, and illumination. There are a number of sites
dealing with this manuscript. Here are a few of the better ones:
The Scribal Resource Page at:
, a part of the Society for Creative Anachronism, maintains a list of links
related to the scribe's art.
The Cyber Scriptorium at:
is another Society for Creative Anachronism site for scribes.
The Gutenberg School of Scribes
has ten well crafted lessons on the art of medieval and Renaissance illumination.
A good tutorial on "Celtic"
can be found at: http://www.entrelacs.net/.
As the author freely admits, knotwork is actually native to most cultures,
including the Middle East.
The Celtic Knot Font available
was my starting point for the knotwork used on this site.
Aon Celtic Art & Illumination
is a fine example of the modern scribal arts with an online gift shop,
galleries, tutorials, clip art, and more.
Pixelpoke.com at: http://www.pixelpoke.com/
is a good source for free high quality computer textures, and tutorials
on how to make them.